Pharmacological Sciences: Evaluate

Evaluate information found

When evaluating information consider:

Accuracy Are arguments supported with independent evidence? What types?
Audience Is it intended for a general audience or someone familiar with the research in the subject?
 Authors What are their qualifications (e.g. advanced degree with years researching)?
Content Is the content within your research scope? Is it what you are looking for?
Currency Check the publication date. Are recent developments considered?
Language          Is it of a higher level language and use discipline-specific terminology?
Peer review Is it peer reviewed? Most books and articles are peer reviewed before being accepted, as part of the publishing process. However, be careful because there are some publishers who simply publish what they are given. For example, they will take a thesis and re-badge it as a book without any editorial intervention.
Publisher Is the publisher reputable (see peer review)?
References Are in-text citations and references given? Can you easily follow them up?

More quick guides:


Study help

Being able to critically think about and read information you find is key to understanding the content and making informed judgments about it.

You cannot assume that everything published is the accurate, good quality and the best evidence.

Quick guides to help you:

Evaluate your search

Searching takes time. You may need to continually reflect on, and adapt your search to find what you need.


  1. Are results finding relevant articles? Do they answer your research question?
  2. How many relevant results are you finding?
  3. Why are irrelevant results appearing?
  4. Is the database you are using appropriate? Do you need to try another one?
  5. Have you missed any key terms in your search?
  6. Can you refine your results further? Try adding another concept or applying a search limit.