Education: Inclusive education

What is Inclusive Education?

The Salamanca Statement (1994) defines inclusion in education.

From pages viii-ix:

"We believe and proclaim that:

  • every child has a fundamental right to education, and must be given the opportunity to achieve and maintain an acceptable level of learning.
  • every child has unique characteristics, interests, abilities and learning needs.
  • education systems should be designed and educational programmes implemented to take into account the wide diversity of these characteristics and needs.
  • those with special educational needs must have access to regular schools which should accommodate them within a child-centred pedagogy capable of meeting these needs.
  • regular schools with this inclusive orientation are the most effective means of combating discriminatory attitudes, creating welcoming communities, building an inclusive society and achieving education for all; moreover, they provide an effective education to the majority of children and improve the efficiency and ultimately the cost-effectiveness of the entire education system."

UNESCO 1994, The Salamanca statement and framework for action on special needs education adopted by the world conference on special needs education: Access and quality Salamanca, Spain, 7- 10 June 1994, United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
Ministry of Education and Science Spain, Paris.

Start with a book...

As well as books in our campus libraries you can access more than 230,000 ebooks 24 hours a day from anywhere with internet access.  For help in using ebooks check the ebook Guide.

Here are a few of our resources:


Start with the Catalogue

The Library Catalogue is a good starting point for finding resources.  Results will include books and film but it also allows you to search simultaneously across many of the Library's database to locate journal articles.

Example Keyword Searches (refined to Subject and specific dates (from 2011)

(Inclusive OR inclusion) education  
Aboriginal education Australia                                       



Try a Subject Heading search in the Library Catalogue

Idea [jantonalcor, "A good idea", Image Source: Open Clip Art Library,, CC0 1.0,]The Library Catalogue also allows you to do a more complex search using Subject Headings.  Subject headings have been added to records by cataloguers who assign formal terms to describe what the material is about. 

Tip:  To search by Subject Heading change the drop down box from All fields to Subject

Example Searches with assigned Subject Headings     


Subject: "inclusive education"


Subject: autism AND education


Subject: ("sex differences" OR sexism) AND education 


Subject: (special OR inclusive OR mainstream) AND education AND teaching








Remember, all these results can be narrowed further, particularly if you choose to look for journal articles, or for books.


Explore the TRC!

TRC [UniSA Library image] Explore the Teaching Resource Collection (TRC) at Magill or Mawson Lakes Libraries.

The collection is full of practical materials for classroom use.


[mgsloan, 'Stylized Computer', CC Licence: CC0 1.0, Image Source: Open Clip Art Library]

There are many organisations that serve the interests of people with particular educational needs.  When searching, always remember to evaluate any websites you may visit.

Try these related Subject Guides