This workshop will get you started finding resources and writing Assessment 2: Self directed investigation into consumer engagement strategies. There are several choices for this assignment. Although several options are listed, the intention is that this assignment will be used as an opportunity to explore issues or conduct work that is useful for yourself and/or your role. The only requirements is that it relates to at least some component of coursework, follows a basic essay format, and meets academic standards for writing and referencing.
Before you start
|C (Comparison)||non-steroidal anti-inflammatories|
Use the PICO worksheet below to get started with your question. If you are using another framework adapt it.
If you break the question down into several parts or concepts it will be easier to define. Your topic and its concepts form the basis for the keywords (important words) that you will use to search for information.
An example topic: Do older adults who receive long term care in their communities do better than those in nursing homes?
1. Break the topic into concepts (or parts) and choose the important keywords (or topic words) from each concept. You would not usually write the whole assignment into the search box. For today we are going to use a PICO framework to assist with constructing a search strategy:
2. Think of alternative words or spellings for each concept
3. Use truncation, wildcards and phrases in databases to automatically find different endings and spellings of words eg: diabet* finds diabetes, diabetic, diabetics
4. Combine concepts using the connectors AND, OR.
"older adults" OR elderly
"aging in place" OR "independent living" OR "home based living"
"geriatric long term care facilities" OR "old age* home*" OR "nursing home*" OR "aged care"
"quality of life" OR qol OR lifestyle* OR "life style*"
You do not need to search for all terms in one go; try the first 2 or 3 ideas and see how many results you get; then use narrow or broader terms as appropriate.
The search strategy you develop can be used in any database, but you may need to tweak it to fit a specific database.
Watch the below video to help you with developing a search strategy
Academic writing is based on wide reading of academic sources and you MUST acknowledge the writings and ideas of other people by using a referencing system.
The referencing in your assignment shows two things:
§ the range of ideas and approaches to a topic that you have found and thought about
§ your acknowledgement of where these ideas came from.
Each reference must appear in two places i.e. the Harvard referencing system is a TWO part system:
1. shown in the text of your assignment each time it is used (the in-text reference)
2. listed once in the reference list at the end of the assignment. This listing has full details so that your reader can find the reference.
3. A reference must be included every time you use someone else’s ideas or information. When you:
Harvard UniSA referencing resources and guides
Use the Harvard UniSA referencing system as explained in the UniSA resources. See:
Fast facts about Library databases:
Here’s an example of a search in Medline using our example question. Untick the 'map to subject heading' box as we just want to do a keyword search.
A useful feature of this database is to use truncation or wildcards to automatically find different endings and spellings of words.
Refining the results
A useful option at the results list is to choose Additional Limits to show only English Language, studies on Humans and to limit to a Publication Date range, eg 2010 - current.
Below is an example of some search results. Tick the boxes next to the articles you are interested in to Print, Email, and Export your results.
Finding full text
Watch the following video on how to apply your search in the database Scopus
Articles from Peer reviewed journals are of high quality and can be used to support the argument that you are presenting. Articles in peer reviewed journals must go through an evaluation process with experts in the field before being published. The term refereed is also used.
The terms scholarly and academic are also sometimes used to indicate quality journals.
Watch the Scholarly sources explained video - it takes under 3 minutes and features an academic from the School of Health Sciences.
View the guide How to find peer reviewed articles for more information.
Watch the below video Peer Review in 3 minutes by NCSU Libraries. Published under a Creative Commons 3.0 BY-NC-SA US license.
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