Begin with introductory, foundational works to help build your understanding of the area and key issues and aspects.
When you have mapped out the key aspects, you can better target and focus your searches with narrower keywords.
Example articles include the following.
To discover if a work discussed is available via UniSA Library copy the title of the book, article or journal into the Library Catalogue and search.
There are many different types of books.
Books may be categorised as:
scholarly | trade | professional | reference | textbook | handbook | monograph | edited volume | conference proceedings
"You should think of it as a book with one consistent argument or set of arguments that runs through from the introduction to the conclusion and is based on research (hence ‘research monograph’). It follows that one or more people may author a monograph." (Epstein, Kenway & Boden 2007, p. 77)
"...peer reviewed original research in book form..." (Clark & Phillips 2014, p. 73)
Before searching, identity the content words and phrases (e.g. medical gaze) and the instruction words (e.g. evaluate, discuss). What do you need to answer in your essay? This will help guide your searching.
Develop key words and phrases by brainstorming around the essay topics, drawing on definitions from reference works, your readings, course notes and initial literature searching. These are a few examples of keywords we have brainstormed from a few of your essay questions:
What terms are appropriate for your essay question?
Use the terms of others in your searches. Look for relevant keywords and phrases in the record e.g. in the title, abstract, and subject fields and use these to refine your search.
Compare the number of results from the following Catalogue searches:
Typing OR into the Library Catalogue does not always work well. Keep Catalogue searches simple and try repeating searches with different combinations of terms.
Many databases including Sociological Abstracts offer a sophisticated search interface that allows you to enter your terms in either a Basic search or Advanced search:
As with the Catalogue, AND is assumed i.e. (employment OR work OR occupation) AND identity.
You can enter the terms for each concept on a separate row. The rows are combined with AND.
In many search interfaces (including the Catalogue and ProQuest) you can use double quotation marks to find two or more words next to each other in that order.
As authors can use words in many different combinations, don't overuse this tool - you might miss relevant literature. Only use it when you need to avoid irrelevant results.
Find alternative word endings using a truncation symbol.
In many search tools including the Catalogue and Sociological Abstracts this is an asterisk.
|Typing...||...finds alternate word endings such as:|
Example Catalogue search: sociolog* theor*
|Increasing results||Reducing results|
|Remove a concept||Add a concept|
|Add alternative terms||Search in a specific part of the record ('field')|
|Use broader keywords||Use more specific keywords|
|Remove limits (e.g. date)||Apply limits (e.g. date)|
|Avoid highly specific phrases||Use phrase searching|
|Use an appropriate search tool|
Record and organise what you find
Some search tools have the option to capture details of references one-by-one or as a batch via
Print | Save | Email | Export to reference management software (e.g. EndNote)
Select the title link to open the complete record
From the result list, select the blue dots with a white plus symbol next to items of interest. At the top right of the screen is a temporary Saved Items list. Make a final selection, then choose 'Cite'
Example Advanced Search - keywords
One concept per row, using OR for synonyms.
Searching 'Anywhere' finds terms in any part of the record e.g. title, abstract.
Thesaurus and subject headings
When you find a relevant record, look at the terms listed next to Subject and refine (modify) your search to include any that appear relevant. The search example above includes a number of terms that are official 'subject headings' from the Sociological Abstracts thesaurus of descriptive terms. Not all records in the database have subject headings, so searching for these useful terms 'Anywhere' rather than in the Subject field will maximise your results.
You can limit your results to a broad subject area using these codes.
View the recorded presentation 'Scholarly' and 'peer reviewed'
- Defining 'academic', 'scholarly' and 'peer reviewed'
- Indicators that will help you determine if a book or article is scholarly
- The peer review process and finding peer reviewed articles
- Beyond peer review: journal rank and more
A few links to resources mentioned in the presentation: