Psychology: BEHL 2019: UO Introductory Research Methods SP6 2022

Assignment help

Assessment details

This page is designed to support completion of your APA style research report.

Refer to your course outline and course site for the full assessment details.

1. Identify Concepts and Terms

  Step 1: Identify main concepts and think of any relevant synonyms (similar terms)

 Tip: As you search you may find additional synonyms to include in your searches. 

Example assignment question #1: Do non-traditional students display statistics anxiety?
Main concepts Synonyms or similar terms

Non-traditional students

 Adult students; Adult Learners; Nontraditional Learners; Mature-aged learners


Statistics; Mathematics; Maths

Anxiety Fear; Worry


Example assignment question #2: Do students who have low and high previous math experiences differ in their attitudes toward statistics and, if so, how?
Concepts Synonyms or similar terms
Previous Math Experience

Previous experience; Prior experience

Statistics Statistics; Mathematics; Maths
Attitude Sentiments; Feelings; Perceptions

2. Connect Terms

  Step 2: Connect your words using AND and OR

Use the following operator words, which most search tools will have, to indicate how you want the tool to search for your keywords:

  • OR: Combines synonyms 
  • AND: Combines different concepts
  • Double quotations ... to find exact matches of phrases (eg "prior experiences")
Example assignment question #1: Do nontraditional students display statistics anxiety?
  • "nontraditional learners" OR "nontraditional students" OR "mature-aged learners" OR "mature-aged students"
  • statistics OR mathematics OR math OR maths
  • anxiety OR fear OR worry


Example assignment question #2: Do students who have low and high previous math experiences differ in attitude toward statistics, if so, how?
  • "previous experience" OR "prior experience"
  • statistics OR  maths OR mathematics
  • attitudes  OR sentiments OR feelings OR perceptions

 Want to know more?

3. Add brackets (if necessary)

  Step 3: Add Brackets if necessary

The search strategies above assume that you have more than one entry box in which to enter your search. If you only have a single search box, add a bracket around each set of synonyms:

Example assignment question 1: ("nontraditional learners" OR "nontraditional students" OR "mature-aged students" OR "mature-aged learners") AND (statistics OR mathematics OR math OR maths) AND (anxiety OR fear OR worry)


Example assignment question 2: ("previous experience" OR "prior experience") AND (statistics OR mathematics OR math OR maths) AND (attitude OR sentiments OR feelings OR perceptions)

4. Choose where to search

   Where should you search?

Watch the video below to learn the distinctions between different search tools so you can find the types of resources you need.

5. Conduct your Search

   Library Collection

Use the Library Collection to find eBooks, journal articles, reports, videos and more.

Example assignment question 1: ("nontraditional leaners" OR "nontraditional students" OR "mature-aged learners" OR "mature-aged students") AND (statistics  OR mathematics OR math OR maths) AND (anxiety OR fear OR worry)

Tip: Use the filters under 'Refine my Results' to find exactly what you need.

  • Narrow by Format type: Book or Articles or Media
  • Find scholarly journal articles by selecting: Show Only > Peer-reviewed journals
  • Narrow your search by a Date range
   Google Scholar

Google Scholar works just like Google, but searches only academic or scholarly sites. Search Google Scholar directly from the Library homepage to access full text of resources.


Example assignment question 2: ("previous experience" OR "prior experience") AND (statistics OR mathematics OR math OR maths) AND (attitude OR sentiments OR feelings OR perceptions)

Want to know more?

Practise using Google Scholar with our Interactive Tutorial  (10 min.)

6. Evaluate your Resources

   Evaluate your sources

It is important to evaluate the information you find. Watch this short video (3:17) and, for more information, view the Evaluate page.  Selecting relevant, current peer-reviewed articles are a good starting point.

  What are peer reviewed/scholarly sources?

Scholarly or Academic is a term used for different kinds of authoritative and credible sources including articles from journals (including peer reviewed journals), academic books, government reports etc.

Peer reviewed (refereed) journals are of high quality. Each article has gone through an evaluation process with experts in the field before being published.

 Want to know more?

7. Write

The Student Engagement Unit has created a suite of resources called Study Help that can help you understand different assignment types.

Take a look at:

8. Reference using APA 7th

The Academic Writer Tutorial: Basics of Seventh Edition APA Style provides an introduction to the seventh edition APA style and is designed for writers new to the style.

APA style tutorial

Learn about referencing using the seventh edition APA style in this interactive tutorial from JCU Library. Create a reference for a book, a journal article and and a webpage. Tutorial on referencing using APA 7