Step 1 - Define a clear review topic, objective and sub-questions
Step 2 - Develop a protocol (the "recipe" for your review), including:
Step 3 - Apply PCC framework
Step 4 - Conduct systematic searches of black and grey literature.
Step 5 - Screen results for studies that meet your eligibility criteria.
Step 6 - Extract & chart relevant data from the included studies.
Step 7 - Write up the evidence to answer your question.
Note: Scoping reviews tend to be more iterative than traditional systematic reviews, which may result in deviations from the protocol. While this is acceptable, any changes and the rationale for these must still be clearly articulated in the methodology section of the final paper. Learn more about the differences between review types here.
View the video below, from St. Michael's Hospital Toronto:
Using a standard or guidelines will help you conduct your scoping review correctly
Scoping review methodology has evolved over time. (See the evolution here) A number of key papers that were fundamental to this evolution are available on the "Key Historical Papers" tab of this box. These are not recommended to be used as current methodology, but can be useful to provide background and context.
Watch the video below, narrated by Dr Micah Peters, to learn how the Scoping Review Methodology has evolved:
The Joanna Briggs Institute's approach is widely considered the Standard. This aims to consolidate and built upon earlier works describing Scoping review methodologies. The Cochrane Collaboration follows a similar approach.