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Systematic Reviews: EndNote

Overview of systematic review methodology and key strategies for searching and reporting to the Cochrane Collaboration's Gold Standard

Heading: EndNote

EndNote overview

EndNote 20 logoTo prepare for screening, we recommend you export your database search results into EndNote.

For stability and ease of use, we suggest you use EndNote Desktop rather than EndNote Web.

If you are new to the program, start by familiarising yourself with EndNote generally. The Library has a range of resources available to support you.

Step 1: Build your EndNote library

Organise your references
  • Create a new EndNote Library (File > New) to use solely for your review.
     
  • Create and name the "group" for each database/source you searched (See example image).
     
  • As you search each database, export all results from that database into the matching EndNote group. This will allow you to report the total references found in each.
Screenshot of EndNote group sets and groups
Exporting references from Ovid Emcare

When exporting from Ovid Emcare, you may be prompted to use an 'Import Filter'. Select the EMCARE (Ovid SP) filter. If this does not appear in your list, select 'Other Filters' and search for it. If the filter still does not appear, search for it in the EndNote Import Filters page, which lists new and updated filters to download.

To download and install a filter:

  1. Close EndNote
  2. In your browser, select the filter link
  3. Save the file in your filters folder:
    • Windows: C:\Program Files\EndNote #\Filters (Where # is the version number for EndNote)
      Mac OS: Applications\EndNote #\Filters (Where # is the version number for EndNote)
    • see Folder Locations for more information
  4. Open EndNote - the filter should now be listed

Learn more:

Step 2: Back up your EndNote library

It is a good habit to back up your EndNote library. Specifically:

  • keep at least two of the same back-ups in different locations,
  • back-up on a regular basis or;
  • whenever you make significant changes (e.g import from a database).
Create a back-up library
  1. Select File > Compressed Library (.enlx)
  2. Follow the prompts and name the file
    (e.g. my_review_backup_29_5_2020.enlx)

image example of a compress Endnote library

 

Note: .enlx is a zipped file that combines your EndNote library (.enl) and Data folder together, enabling you to restore the file easily.

Learn more:

Video Length: 2:15

Step 3 (optional): De-duplicate your EndNote library

Note: Skip this step if you are using Covidence for screening, as Covidence will perform its own de-duplication.

Rename your group

Before you de-duplicate your references in EndNote, you need to rename your group with the total number of results from each database (see example image). 

To rename a group:

  1. Right-click on the group.
  2. Rename group.
  3. Next to the database, add total number within the brackets.
    e.g. Cochrane Library (68)

The total number of references will need to be reported in your PRISMA flowchart.

 

example image: rename group
De-duplicate your references

Use EndNote's Find Duplicates function to remove multiple copies of references. (References > Find Duplicates).

This will change both:

  • the number of results displayed next to each group; and
  • the total number of references in your library.
Note: EndNote can miss duplicates! You should also manually check for them by re-sorting your library by title (select the Title column heading) and deleting any duplicates you see.

Learn more:

Video Length: 2:05

Step 4: Export your EndNote library

Now that your Library is complete, you can export the references within it to commence screening:

  • Select all All Reference (located above the Groups list).
  • In the Menus, select File > Export

An export window will appear (for simplicity, we suggest saving to the Desktop).

  • Untick "Export Selected References".
  • Make the following selections:
If you are screening in: Save As Type Output Style
Excel XML Tab Delimited
Covidence Text File (*.txt) RefMan (RIS) Export

 

Note: If you cannot see the required Output Style, choose 'Select Another Style' and then search for it. 

Next steps

Learn how to import the file and undertake screening in Covidence.

Navigate to Screen in Covidence page